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Scientific Name: Abies homolepis
Other Common Names: n/a
Foliage: Needled Evergreen
Height: 40-60 feet
Spread: 15-25 feet
Growth Characteristics: Slow-growing
The Nikko fir, native to the central mountains of Japan, is a stately specimen that maintains its pyramidal form into old age. It is more tolerant of heat than other firs. The needles are 0.5-1 inch long, and dark green with two white stripes on the underside. Bark is gray with pink hues and becomes scaly with age.
Light: Full to partial sun
Moisture: Most drought and heat tolerant of firs. Does not tolerate pollution and urban conditions
Soil Type: moist, humus-rich soil.
Pruning should not be necessary except to promote a single leader. When watering, take care not to overwater.
Damage from deer browsing. Performs poorly in acid soils.