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Rose Insects & Diseases

black-spot-of-rose-1.gif Closeup of black spot symptoms on rose leaf
Symptoms of black spot on rose leaves
Ohio State University Extension Service
Close-up of black spot on rose leaf
Ohio State University Extension Service

 

Black spot (Diplocarpon rosae) is the most important infectious disease of roses. It occurs only on roses (Rosa spp.), and is widespread among rose species and cultivars, although some of the shrub roses and rugosa roses show more resistance. Many hybrid tea roses are very susceptible. Lists of black spot-resistance hybrid tea roses often are variable due to localized races of the pathogen.

Diagnostic Symptoms

Round to irregular black splotches with fringed margins are quite obvious, mostly on upper leaf surfaces. Leaf yellowing develops around these black spots, with defoliation of these infected leaves common. Repeated defoliation weakens plants, leading to poorer blooming and greater sensitivity to other stresses. Occasionally symptoms are noted on petals (red dots, distortions), and on petioles, fruit and canes. Using a hand lens, the fungus can often be seen fruiting in the black spots.

Disease Cycle

The fungus overwinters on fallen leaves and diseased canes. Microscopic spores are then splashed to newly emerged leaves and stem tissue in the spring. Under ideal conditions of leaf wetness, humidity and temperature the spores can germinate and infect in 1 day, cause symptoms in 4 to 5 days, and produce new spores that can infect additional leaf, flower and cane tissue within 10 to 11 days. Spores are easily spread to new locations by air currents.

Control Hints

  1. Keep foliage dry. Plant roses in sunny locations to encourage drying after rains. Avoid sites with dense surrounding vegetation, so that good air movement will dry leaves. Avoid overhead irrigation, especially late in the day. Black spot is most severe in summers with sustained rainy periods.

  2. Sanitation. Remove all black spotted leaves from and around plants. This should be done throughout the season. Before winter, remove and clean up all diseased leaves and remove diseased canes where possible.

  3. Disease resistance. Listing susceptibility and resistance of all roses would take volumes. In addition, the occurrence of local races of the pathogen often result in a particular cultivar being listed as susceptible in one area and resistant in another. However, some lists have general usefulness; see Table 1. Also, consult local Extension publications and books, consult local rosarians and garden center horticulturists, and make observations of relative disease incidence in local rose collections and your own gardens.

  4. Preventive fungicide applications. Fungicide controls are not successful if cultural and sanitation practices listed above are not followed. For fungicides to work, applications must be made preventively, providing a protective fungicide barrier which kills germinating fungal spores that have landed on plant tissue.

    If conditions for infection are present and a high level of control is desired, preventive spray programs often start as soon as rose foliage emerges in the spring and continue throughout the summer at frequent intervals (as frequently as every 7 to 10 days in wet weather). Frequently used fungicides for black spot control include triforine (Funginex), and phaltan.

 

Table 1. Rose varieties reported to have resistance to black spot.

Resistant hybrid teas:
Carla
Cayenne
Charlotte Armstrong
Chrysler Imperial
Duet
Electron
First Prize
Forty Niner
Granada
Miss All-American Beauty
Mister Lincoln
Olympiad
Pascali
Peace
Pink Peace
Portriat
Pristine
Proud Land
Smooth Lady
Sutters Gold
Tiffany
Tropicana

Resistant floribundas/grandifloras:
Angel Face
Betty Prior
Carousel
Cathedral
Europeana
Fashion
First Edition
Gene Boerner
Goldilocks Impatient
Ivory Fashion
Love
Mirandy
Montezuma
Pink Parfait
Prominent
Queen Elizabeth
Razzle Dazzle
Red Gold
Rose Parade
Sonia
Sunsprite

Resistant shrub roses:
All that Jazz
Carefree Wonder

Resistant miniatures:
Baby Betsy McCall
Gourmet Popcorn
Little Artist
Rainbow's End
Rose Gilardi

Resistant Rugosa hybrid:
F. J. Grookendorst
Polyantha
The Fairy

Information provided by the Ohio State University Extension Service

 

Aspen Leaves Heavily Infected With Powdery Mildew Close-up of Aspen Leaf Infected With Powdery Mildew
Aspen leaves heavily infected with powdery mildew
Canadian Forest Service
Close-up of aspen leaf infected with powdery mildew
Canadian Forest Service

 

Introduction

 

Powdery mildew is a common fungal disease that can appear on many types of trees and plants.  While it will not necessarily kill outright, the plant or tree will become more susceptible to other problems and its appearance and the amount of fruit it produces will become compromised.

 

It can occur in any geographic region, but is most prevalent in the arid regions of western North America.  Weather conditions are a determining factor in the severity of this disease and it will, if left untreated, persist year after year.

 

What does powdery mildew look like?

 

Powdery mildew will initially appear as light green to yellow spots.  Typically spidery or threadlike white patches develop peppered with minute black fruiting bodies.  The plant gives the appearance of having been dusted with flour or talcum powder.

 

Powdery mildew is most likely to attack in the spring and the fall when the weather is cool and the humidity is high.

 

Most powdery mildew develops as thin layers of mycelium on the plant's surface. Spores or resting bodies make up the bulk and are the primary means of dispersal.  Powdery mildew spores are carried by the wind and rain to new hosts.  Excess water on the plant's surface can kill spores and inhibit growth of mycelia, and both spores and mycelia are sensitive to extreme heat and direct sunlight.

 

Control

 

To lessen the chance of the disease occurring, plant in non-shaded areas. Space plants providing enough aeration and growing room. Prune and thin out branches and monitor for any signs of infection. Collect infected leaves and remove. Provide enough moisture, always watering in the morning or late afternoon.

 

Powdery mildew may also be treated with commercially produced fungicides. These products may include sulfur, fenarimol, dinocap, triadimifon or benomyl. Refer to the instructions on the package to determine method and timing of application. Weather conditions such as temperature and humidity are important factors when determining when to apply fungicides.

 

Recommended Product

 

Safer's Defender Garden Fungicide