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White Oak

Quercus alba

Young white oak The leaf of white oak is deeply lobed with numerous tips. Bark of white oak

Young white oak
G. Lumis

Leaf of white oak
G. Lumis

Bark of white oak
G. Lumis

Summary
Foliage: Deciduous broadleaf
Height: 100 feet
Spread: 50 to 80 feet
Shape: Spreading

Leaf color is gray to pink when new, dark-green in summer, and changes to brown or dark red in fall. Acorn is 1/2 to 3/4 inches long.

Plant Needs
Zone: 5 to 9
Light: Partial shade to full sun
Moisture: Wet, moist, or dry
Soil Type: Sandy or loam
pH Range: 3.7 to 7.3

Functions
Suggested uses for this plant include specimen plant and shade tree.  

Planting Notes
Transplant as a small tree with roots balled and burlapped. A difficult species to transplant. For best results, plant only in the spring. Salt tolerant. Grows in many soil types, but prefers deep, moist, well-drained, acid soil and full sun. Requires large area to grow.  

Care
Prune in winter or early spring; however, dead or damaged wood can be removed anytime.  Be sure to maintain adequate soil conditions. (more)

Problems
More resistant to diseases and insects than other oak trees.
Susceptible to oak scale.  Powdery mildew may occur in summer.  

Alternatives
Consult local sources, including historic or public gardens and arboreta, regarding cultivars and related species that grow well in your area.

Cultivars of QUERCUS ALBA
No important cultivars.  

Comments
A majestic, wide-spreading specimen for spacious locations. In areas where tree is native, a handsome, durable, long-lived tree. Acorns from this tree provide food for many animals.
Suitable for bonsai.  

This material was developed by Carol Ness as part of the Interactive Design and Development Project funded by the Kellogg Foundation. Mary Miller, Project Director. Diane Relf, Content Specialist, Horticulture. Copyright 1989 by VCE.