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Scientific Name: Juniperus virginiana
Other Common Names: red cedar, red juniper, pencil cedar
Foliage: Needled Evergreen
Height: 30-50 feet
Spread: 10-20 feet
Growth Characteristics: Slow-growing
The Eastern Red Cedar is quite common in the wild in the eastern United States, but rarely used in gardens. The foliage is fragrant (especially when crushed) and develops from a need-like younger leaf to a scale-like older leaf. Foliage tends to a bright green in colour. Cold winter weather may cause the foliage to turn a pinkish hue. Produces clusters of blue berries that can be an attractive winter snack for birds. Perhaps most effectively used as a hedge or windbreak, especially in marginal soils. Cultivars include 'Canaerti', 'Blue Point', 'Burkii', 'Princeton Sentry', 'Emerald Sentry', 'Hetzii Columnaris', and 'Keteleeri'.
Light: Full sun
Moisture: Prefers humidity
Soil Type: Prefers well-drained, but tolerates a wide range of soil types (acid-alkaline, sandy-clayey).
Fertilize with formulations that promote woody, strong growth rather than excessive foliar growth. Tends to be drought, salt, and pollution tolerant. Watering is generally not necessary except in severe drought conditions.
Often pest-free, but is a host for cedar-apple rust. Can be infested with mites in drier areas and twig blight can be a problem in wetter climates..