Scientific Name: Thuja occidentalis
Other Common Names: white cedar, eastern white cedar, American arborvitae
Foliage: Needled Evergreen
Height: 40 to 45 feet
Spread: 15 feet
Shape: Narrow pyramidal
Growth Characteristics: Slow to moderate growing
The Northern White Cedar is a very adaptable landscape plant with fragrant foliage. The leaves are glossy and green, covering the trunk from the ground up and the branches are upsweeping. The trunk is dark, grayish brown and shreds. Excellent for hedges. The yellowish-brown fall foliage is often considered unattractive. Cultivars include 'Affinity', 'Emerald', 'Hills Dark Green', 'Nigra', 'Sunkist', 'Techny', 'Wareana Lutescens', 'Fastigiata', 'Columnaris', and 'Pyramidalis'.
Light: Full sun to light shade
Moisture: Prefers humidity
Soil Type: Prefers moist soils, but tolerant of clay and dry soils.
Fertilize with formulations that promote woody, strong growth rather than excessive foliar growth. Avoid storm damage by pruning young trees to a single trunk. In winter, use twine or burlap to protect branches from breakage. Take care not to overprune as the tree does not recover well.
Damage from browsing deer can be common. Roots are quite shallow, so can be easily uprooted in wind and storms. Prone to bagworms