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Foliage: Deciduous broadleaf
Height: 100 to 120 feet
Spread: 70 to 80 feet
Green summer foliage turns a mixture of yellow, orange, and red in the fall.
Zone: 3 to 8
Light: Partial shade to full sun
Moisture: Wet, moist, or dry
Soil Type: Sandy or loam
pH Range: 3.7 to 6.5
Suggested uses for this plant include shade tree.
Plant trees that have balled and burlapped roots. Requires fertile, moist, well-drained soil. Does best when planted in location where it will have ample room to spread. Not salt tolerant and not very pollution tolerant.
Requires little care when planted in proper location (well-drained, fertile, moist soil away from polluted city conditions). Otherwise, maintain proper soil conditions. The hard wood of a Sugar Maple rarely suffers storm damage.
See Soil Improvement
Leaf scorch (in excessive droughts) and Verticillium wilt can be a problem. Susceptibility to gas and smoke damage makes Sugar Maples less suitable for city conditions than Norway and Red Maples.
Consult local sources, including historic or public gardens and arboreta, regarding cultivars and related species that grow well in your area.
Cultivars of ACER SACCHARUM
`Globosum' -- a dwarf, globe-shaped form (10 by 10 feet after 20 years)
`Sweet Shadow'-- a cut-leaf form (60 to 75 feet height; spread may be up to 2/3 of height)
`Columnare'-- an upright columnar form
`Green Mountain' -- tolerates heat and is scorch resistant.
The fire-red to yellow color of the Sugar Maple fall foliage is beautiful. The sap of this tree can be boiled down to produce maple syrup and sugar. Mature Sugar Maples show a wide variation in form, but tend to have a broad, rounded head.