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Ginkgo

Ginkgo biloba Leaves of Ginkgo biloba The fruit of the Ginkgo biloba is often foul-smelling
Ginkgo biloba
G. Lumis
Leaves of Ginkgo biloba
G. Lumis
The fruit of the Ginkgo biloba is often foul-smelling
G. Lumis

Scientific Name: Ginkgo biloba

Summary
Foliage: Deciduous broadleaf 
Height: 50 to 80 feet 
Spread: 30 to 40 feet 
Shape: Spreading 

Distinctive, green, fan-shaped leaves turn yellow in the fall.

Plant Needs
Zone: 4 to 9
Light: Partial shade to full sun 
Moisture: Wet, moist, or dry 
Soil Type: Sandy, loam, or clay 
pH Range: 3.7 to 7.0 

Functions
Suggested uses for this plant include shade, street tree, and specimen plant.

Planting Notes
Transplants readily, and is easy to establish.  Buy only male or grafted, non-fruiting varieties because the fruit of female trees has an obnoxious odor.  Prefers sandy, deep, moist soil but is very adaptable to wide range of soil types and pH.  Tolerates city conditions (air pollution and road salt).

Care
Easy to grow and maintain because of its adaptability and resistance to insects and pests.  Prune in the spring.
Click here to learn how to improve the soil.

Problems
No serious problems. 

Alternatives
Consult local sources, including historic or public gardens and arboreta, regarding cultivars and related species that grow well in your area.

Cultivars of GINKGO BILOBA
`Autumn Gold' is a male cultivar with good fall color. 
`Fastigiata' (Sentry Ginkgo) is a columnar male form. 
`Santa Cruz' is another male cultivar.

Comments
Geological evidence of the Ginkgo tree dates back 150 million years.  This tree readily adapts to city conditions.  The Ginkgo will eventually become a large tree, but is slow growing.  Ginkgo is suited for bonsai.

This material was developed by Carol Ness as part of the Interactive Design and Development Project funded by the Kellogg Foundation. Mary Miller, Project Director. Diane Relf, Content Specialist, Horticulture. Copyright 1989 by VCE.